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It is observed that there are more complaints against landowners as compared to the developers who build flats. Hence, before purchasing a land one has to follow the checklist of the documents that need to be checked before buying the open land. Buying a plot of land becomes sometimes a very tricky concern as there is corruption surrounding it most of the times. Owners demand cash at times, which can make the dealing illegal. Hence, it is advisable to be very cautious before buying a land.

Before buying a piece of land one must check the original Land Deed of the current owner. This land deed is called as 7/12 document. The Encumbrance Certificate from the sub-registrar’s office for the last 30 years should be checked. Bank loans are available on the land or not should be checked also. The original property tax receipt and other bills relating to the plot need to be properly checked before investing.

After doing all this also if one finds there is a fraud in the land dealing, the person can check the details with the land authorities also one can file a formal complaint under the Consumer Protection Act, 1986. This complaint can be filed on a plain paper and just mention the details of the complainant and the opposite party. The consumer forum follows difference jurisdiction to entertain the complaint,

· When the claim is for less than Rs 20 lakh, the District Consumer Disputes Redressal Forum will hear the plea.
· When the claim is for more than Rs 20 lakh but less than Rs 1 crore, the State Consumer Dispute Redressal Commission will entertain the complaint.
· When the claim is more than Rs 1 crore, the National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission will attend to the plea.

However, precaution is better that can be done by checking all the documents in a proper way.

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